Childcare Nvq 3

Unit 305…305.1…305.2…305.3

Protect and promote children??™s rights.

K3P233 and K3P234

The disability discrimination act 1995
Children??™s act 1989
Disabled persons act 1986
Sex discrimination act 1986
Race relation act 1976
Special education needs and disability act 2001
UN convention on the rights of the child.

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The discrimination act means that all people including children have the right to take part in all of the society and not be excluded because of their disability.
The children??™s act documents that we have to give equal opportunities to all children regardless of religion, race, and cultural or linguistic background.

Policies and procedures of the settings includes.
Child protection.
Special education needs.
Equal opportunities policy.

A child has the right to express freedom of expression.
Through role-play they can express their own imagination freely by their own first hand experiences. Having resources and play equipment available to them they can freely play and make up their own ideas thus aid their development naturally. Through art and creative activities children can express their ideas.

A child has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Promote understanding of their own and others culture and beliefs. Accommodation of dietary requirements and embracing activities centred on children??™s own background.

The various forms of discrimination ??¦.K3P235 – K3P236 – K3P237.

Discrimination leads to inequalities.

Low self esteem
Low confidence
Little sense of self worth
Confused identity
By practicing unequal opportunities you would be subjecting children you are not discriminating from to discrimination – a criminal offence.

Difficulties ??¦ K3C238

Lack of transport
No internet access
Poor literate skills
Different home language
No permanent place of residence

Procedures to overcome these??¦

Information leaflets of bus time tables etc.
Assess to EYDCP and sure start.
Assess additional funding.
Produce regular information with newsletters etc.
Have detailed notice board.

What barriers??¦..K3D239

Environmental – wheelchair assess Language barriers Financial grants Interpreter
Need more help – training

Knowing your community and the diversity of it – you could to identify barriers distribute a questionnaire to the local toddler group, parent support groups, and children??™s centres asking for peoples perception of your group.

You could ask new starters to fill in a feedback form anonymously regarding their experience of starting at our pre-school. And the send out parent questionnaires out regularly.

Community ??¦.K3D240

Kinds of community support are- sure start, children??™s centres, libraries.


In our setting all procedures etc are where we all can find them when needed and they are updated and signed regularly.

Children??™s needs??¦.K3D242

In our setting we hold parent evening to discuss development needs strengths and weaknesses.
And we put into practice what we as key workers and parents discuss??¦..we discuss observations, monitoring and evaluations and the implications for planning for children??™s needs.

Techniques??¦.K3P245, K3P246 and K3P247 – 8

I have written reflective accounts and observations for these.

What increases a child???s vulnerability to abuse??¦..K3S251

Social factors.

Drug abuse
Alcohol abuse
A parent who has been abused themselves.
Domestic violence
Single parenthood
Financial stress.


All above affect how a parent deals with their child. With parents taking drugs or drinking alcohol this becomes their main focus in life??¦ie??¦when will they get their next fix etc??¦the child might be invisible and neglected??¦etc.

Procedures – reporting in the setting concerning suspected/ actual abuse??¦.K3S252

The basic tenet of reporting concern about a child is to do this from the most important level upwards. If you ever suspect abuse, you should report it directly to the designated person, who passes the information up the chain ultimately to the area child protection committee.

When abuse is disclosed or suspected the member of staff should make brief notes as soon as possible giving quotes if they can be recalled, dates and times should be recorded. These notes must not be destroyed as they may be needed by court.

Safe working procedures??¦.K3S253

Health and safety policy.

Correct ratios to children always to be maintained.
Never compromise on standards.
Children only leave the building with authorised adults – use passwords.
Outside doors secured.
Reporting accidents and incidents.
Monitor risks.
Fire drills etc practiced regular.
Children??™s attendance taken.

Child protection policy.

Ensure all staff are CRB checked.
Children not to be left alone with those who are not CRB checked.
Ensure staff are within sight and hearing.
Maintain adults / child??™s ratio with a minimum 2 adults on duty at all times.
Accident book requires signature from parents.

The importance of promoting children??™s assertiveness??¦..K3D254

Having these attributes (assertiveness/ self-confidence/ self esteem ) helps a child in an emergency situation where children are vulnerable they will know how to cope and how to express their feelings because of what you have taught them and thus become less vulnerable to any potential abuse.
By giving them skills of empowerment they will have knowledge and confidence to say NO and that they can tell another adult because they know what was asked of them or done to them so wrong.

The Benefits of a multi-professional??¦??¦K3M333

Benefits – child protection and special education needs.
The use of common assessment framework (CAF) by different agencies enables them all to contribute to the whole picture of a Childs situation enabling them to implement the best course of action.
Multi agency child protection procedures and guidance for all registered childcare settings.

Occupational professionals.

Teachers, health visitors, social workers, not only provide support for practitioners – children and parents in the setting may initiate practices on the learning available in the setting.

Other professionals.

Police officers, fire fighters, Library, dental nurse, etc visits from these people can extend learning obtained topics.

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